Robert Tjoelker


About the Presenter

About the Presentation

"Microwave Atomic Frequency Standards and Clocks"

Atomic frequency standards form the basis of the definition of the second, enable ultra-stable timekeeping and timescales, and provide frequency and time references and metrology for a multitude of earth and space-based applications. There are many different atomic frequency standard and clock implementations to support a wide range of application specific requirements for telecommunication, navigation, radio science, and fundamental physics. Depending on the approach, achievable frequency standard accuracy, stability, size/mass/power, reliability and cost can vary by orders of magnitude.  This tutorial will present the fundamentals behind microwave atomic frequency standards and survey the range of approaches.

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